Author: atripotal

The average salary for a certified operator of heavy equipment

The operators of equipment are heavy workers using heavy equipment to move materials in construction. Operators can work one or more machines, such as pavers, graders and machine load, depending on your area of training and specialization. The average certified salary a heavy equipment operator has depends on factors such as location, working hours, job and experience.

Average salary

The average income of workers in heavy construction is around $ 21 per hour, or $ 44,000 per year, according to the National Center for Education and Research Building. Salaries vary between US $ 14 to US $ 23 per hour for heavy equipment operators from May 2008, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the US.. The highest paid workers earn US $ 38 per hour, with the 10 percent paid less than $ 11 per hour. The lowest wages were in the paving equipment operators, while the hammers made the most on average. Annual salaries vary based on average hours worked per week throughout the year.

Variations

Along with variations per job, the certified heavy equipment operators also receive different wages based on location, with large metropolitan areas that pay the highest average salary. Work projects available, along with the local climate and its effects on the working outdoors play an important role in determining the salaries of these workers, often resulting in an annual base salary, even for workers with wages more high per hour.

Training and promotion

School graduates  may be offered to provide training on the job, from lighter construction equipment before moving the machinery with more technology and  computerization. The International Union of Operating Engineers offers apprenticeship programs lasting three years of training, including classroom training. Certifications vary by specialization and are available in national professional organizations. Some employers require some type of certification for employment consideration. Operators may advance to supervisory positions or teaching, while others choose to start their own business.

Employment growth

The average job growth through 2018, with growth of over 10 percent in the openings, means that the certified heavy equipment operators must continue to find employment opportunities, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Experienced operators on multiple machines have increased flexibility, leading to a greater chance of getting quality jobs. Employment growth should be higher in areas related to energy, such as oil rigs and pipelines as these companies increase their infrastructures.

Selection of construction equipment

A successful proposal involves the management to be given to construction crews.

As with all activities in a bid to find the costs of resources such as team building, help is essential background information. Therefore, the first thing to do is visit the “Tender Information Centre” (CIL) of the entity. There will be something very precious: the names and specific data on the “Dealers”, the distribution companies of construction equipment. Then, you need to go to work packages developed by each of the members of the team, which form the basis for scheduling the tasks of the proposal. Each estimator should have clearly defined the activities of their respective expertise, and resources that each requires for its proper implementation, including construction crews.

But nevertheless, in the specific case of the earthmoving work, present in varying degrees in all the work of engineering, it is important to know the size and nature of the terrain to adapt. With this information you can know fairly accurately what the performance of each team and, incidentally, the utilization time of these, such as bulldozers, tractors, motor graders and more. Next, the box of equipment, including, if applicable, trucks and scrapers for horizontal transport and vertical transport cranes should be developed. And of course, the amounts of each. The next step is to send the information to the “Dealers” in order for them to prepare their proposal.

So far there is nothing new, it is standard procedure that applies in such cases. But now, it is something interesting that can define a tender. There are three possible alternatives when it comes to using construction equipment bound for a work: that is owned, leased, or leasing. Its correct selection may be the factor that allows you to top the bid. It is so expensive in this type of projects, any decision either way can mean large amounts will definitely make the difference between the two proposed lines.

In appearance, it may be best to use the equipment owned by the company and quote this line prices low or zero times. Obviously, this approach can lead to a low price with high chances of winning the bid, but contains several drawbacks. One is that profits will be lower because the cost of operating the equipment will have to cover the contractor. Additionally, you may run liquidity, resources are reduced, the displacement is expensive and you have to cover the amounts for warehousing, maintenance and repair. This, regardless of the implicit cost of obsolescence. But, also, there are positive aspects, complete control of the equipment, tax-deductible costs and high familiarity. Moreover, studies suggest using this possibility when the use of the equipment is above 70% of the activities time.

Now, in the case of use of rental equipment they have advantages of flexibility, pay only for actual use, no involvement by way of travel, use of new models and low financial effort. But, also, it is more expensive and may affect the budget. It has been found that for contracts of more than three months can be costly. Also, you should consider whether it is hired for days, weeks or months.

Finally, there is the widely used figure of leasing. It is more expensive when compared with purchased equipment and hired who must answer for the damage or loss. You pay monthly although the team does not work, interest rates are higher and the penalty for breaking the contract is high. But it is a good choice when funds are limited and the team works less than 60% of the time. In addition, obsolescence is avoided, no advance payments and new models can be selected.

We can see well, although in a very general way, that the selection of construction equipment bound budget for a tender, contains a number of subtleties that cannot be ignored and, instead, deserve a serious, deep and careful study.

The hazards of operating heavy equipment

According to the Electronic Library of Construction Standards and Security, more than 100 workers are killed each year by a heavy equipment , such as cranes, loaders, backhoes, tractors or excavators, bulldozers. There are other risks associated with the operation of heavy machinery.

Risk of falling materials and equipment

This is the leading cause of death among heavy equipment operators. The worker when walking can be hit by heavy equipment when it changes direction or reverses. The heavy equipment operator may be trapped when the brakes are not adjusted properly, or may be hit when the machine is left running. Another danger is the backhoe bucket, loads of equipment or other moving parts that could crush the worker.

Raynaud’s syndrome

Raynaud’s syndrome is a disease that affects heavy equipment operators working with power tools, hammers and mills. It causes a discoloration of the fingers and also known as “white finger disease.” This is caused by vasospasms that decrease blood supply to the hands. Operate this heavy equipment is causing segmental vibrations transmitted through the hands and arms, which cause Raynaud’s syndrome.

Spinal disorders

The constant vibration of heavy equipment such as tractors and bulldozers can cause whole body vibration (WBV), which is the transmission of mechanical vibration from the machine through a support surface to the body. These vibrations can be high frequency of engines and transmissions, and low frequency of the tires and the ground, and the shock of encountering potholes. A long-term exposure to this vibration can cause lower back disorders such as herniated discs, an acceleration of the degenerative changes in the spine, abdominal pain and nausea.

Visual problems

Heavy equipment operators must not only handle the equipment, but also have to be alert to monitor other people, monitor changes in their environment, and beware of underground utilities, obstacles, overhead power lines and traffic place. These workers also have to deal with poor visibility from the cab and reduced visibility in winter conditions, rainy weather and the sun shining too bright days. All this affects operators and can lead to mental and eye strain that can progressively worsen and cause employees to make mistakes if they don’t take breaks to rest their eyes and not given the opportunity to recharge their mental batteries.

MANAGING FLEETS OF HEAVY EQUIPMENT

Anyone who owns or manages fleets of trucks or passenger cars knows that business success is based on careful and regular vehicle maintenance. By choosing the right products and working with lubricant suppliers that know and care about your fleet as much as you, you will boost your business and ensure your fleet is always in tip top shape.

Reduce costs by reducing downtime

An inoperative fleet is a non-revenue fleet. Choosing the right lubricant is a crucial first step in maintaining your vehicles, the lubricants reduce operational downtime by protecting your car engines and preventing mechanical problems.

Increase fuel economy and minimize pollutant

A well lubricated engine is an efficient engine. This is the reason why investing in a high quality lubricant that offers fuel savings is a strategic way to reduce costs, save time and ensure the long term well-being of your fleet. Additionally, TOTAL lubricants are designed to reduce CO2 emissions and other pollutants, making them a smart move for owners and operators of environmentally conscious fleets.

A range of lubricants to meet every need

Rubia, a range of  lubricants approved by manufacturers, is one of the most complete ones. The products are suitable for all makes of trucks, buses and passenger vehicles; will work with you to identify the specific products that meet your needs and keep your fleet rolling.

Types of building construction

The buildings are classified by type of construction, that is, literally, how the building are constructed as dictated by the International Building Code. The ranking takes into account a very important aspect: how well the building resists fire. As expected, thanks to the variety of materials from which the buildings are made there is a wide range of classes within this classification.

Type I-A and B

The type I-A buildings produce a building with exterior walls and a structural framework that is able to withstand fire for up to three hours. Both the floor and the sky ceiling need to resist fire for two hours, while the roof must withstand fire for an hour and a half. Buildings within such structures are usually at high altitude. The main difference between I-A and B type is the type I-B building has exterior walls and a structural frame that only has a fire resistance of two hours instead of three hours as type I-A.

Type II-A and B

The type II-A building is considered a building that is protected and is fireproof, and often includes new schools. These buildings have exterior walls, structural frames and ceiling, roof and floor that should last up to an hour. The main difference between the building type II-A and II-B type is that while the building type II-B is made of fireproof material has no fire resistance. Most commercial buildings fall into this type of construction.

Type III-A and B

Building construction type III-A includes buildings with walls of brick or block, and can have wooden ceilings. For these buildings, the exterior walls should last for two hours while the rest of the building should last one hour. Stores that have bricks or blocks on the outer walls fall within the category of type III-B, and can last for two hours; the rest of the building has no fire protection.

Type IV

The types IV remain alone in this variation of building construction. This category includes what is called the heavy wood, because each must be at least 8 inches (20.32 centimeters) in diameter. This construction is often used for mills, and its exterior walls should last for two hours, while the structural framework should last for an hour. The floor, ceiling and roof have no rating, but each must be constructed of heavy timber.

Type V-A and B

This is the last in the types of building construction. V-A type buildings are built of wood that is considered protected by the outer walls, the structural frame, roof, floor and ceiling should last up to an hour. Most of the buildings that fall into this category are apartment buildings that have been built most recently. The V-B type includes most of the wooden family houses as well as garages. These buildings are considered unprotected, as there are often exposed within wooden structures.

Types of construction vehicles

To prepare the land and build a structure on a site, companies use a variety of vehicles. Each vehicle has its own tasks at the site based on its capabilities, and its operator is responsible for operating the vehicle to complete any work needed. Therefore it is important for those interested in a career in the field of construction to learn the different types of construction vehicles.

Bulldozers

Bulldozers are often the first vehicles on a construction site as the place is cleaned by pushing the rubble. The metal blades on the front make pushing the debris of all kinds easier, including concrete, tree branches and large stones. Once the debris has been cleared, the earth is moved to level the site.

Front-loading machines

As bulldozers push the debris and excess earth beside the construction site, the front-loading machines load it into the dump trucks to be transported. With a shovel attached to the front of the vehicle, these rise and throw easily land until the place is clean. However, the front loading machines have a limitation since they cannot dig or go below ground level.

Dump trucks

Transport debris and soil from the construction site is the responsibility of dump trucks. They can also bring rocks, gravel or additional land if needed to stabilize or even land on a site. There is a variety of dump trucks in construction. Some of them include traditional vehicles, double or triple trailer, allowing a truck trailer to transport more dirt and debris. In addition, there are road dump trucks being used in rough terrain and in mining.

Excavator / Backhoe

When you need to dig into a construction site, a bulldozer is used. These vehicles can be used for surface excavation projects like small trenches for water pipes or drain. They are also used to bury pipes after they have been installed covering them with excess land. For larger projects, such as for a basement or tunnel, they used backhoes digging. The depth that it can dig is based on the length and height of your arm. The longer and higher it is, they can dig deeper.

Cranes

Work in a structure can begin once the ground has been prepared. The cranes are often brought for large structures or commercial buildings where heavy lifting is needed as metal beams and other materials. In addition, this type of construction vehicle can be used for large buildings where it is needed to reach great heights. The cranes vary in size and skills as there are different types. The truck-mounted cranes, tower cranes and rough terrain cranes are just some types of cranes used in the construction industry.

How to transport heavy machinery

Have you ever wondered how you carry from one place to another such large machines? The truth is a complicated transport given its size and weight, you need a good organization of logistics, along with careful consideration of the safety and legislation. In this post I will talk about how to transport these machines.

The first thing to ask yourself is whether you are able to make this transport, if you have the means and experience, if not the case, I strongly recommend you hire a specialist to do this service. Although at first glance you think it’s expensive, thought he is a specialist to whom you trust your machinery.

Some general information you need to know, well you who makes the transport or if you hire someone, depends on the country in which you reside or want to transport the machine will vary.

To transport machinery, the two most common options are: assemble the machine on a truck platform or attaching wheels on one end of the machine and a truck trailer for this one. Depending on the infrastructure that you have available you or your specialist.

Before choosing the way that the machine will be transported, I advise you to check the journey to be undertaken, road, access, etc. Note that transporting an object of great dimensions it would not hurt you to tell the relevant authorities that are going to make that journey. This may alert other users that you will travel on this road and accompany during the trip signaling that vehicle are long, wide and far slower than the rest.

If you do not have a police escort to tell other drivers the dimensions you have. For this you must put in the back of your vehicle, i.e. behind the machine carriage, a poster with the length, width and height of the vehicle and machine assembly. You should also put the lights and if you have emergency lights. The more visible the sign is the more you and others will be.

I think it goes without saying so, but make sure the machine is perfectly attached to the truck or trailer and every so often make a stop, so you can rest and to check that everything is in order, the hooks are not impaired, work lights, etc.

As the transport of heavy machinery is a difficult task and a logistics project, I recommend you hire someone specialized and trustworthy. To find a person who meets these requirements you do not need to spend hours searching the Internet. It’s as easy as posting the machine you want to transport and wait for a carrier offers its services.

How to sell heavy equipment

Heavy machinery sale can be a challenge, given the limited number of buyers. But it can also be a profitable niche business. Farmers, contractors and businesses buy and sell all heavy equipment. A good broker becomes the go-to person when others need to buy or sell heavy machinery. Heavy machinery market is more segmented and specialized than the automobile market. Although there is no specific license required, heavy equipment distributors-usually regulated as a car dealership in most states. Knowledge of machinery and the industries they serve is vital. Things You’ll Need Business Directory licensed

Dealer license automotive & insurance bonds

Show instructions

  1. Contact state, county and municipality in which you conduct business. Most states treat a seller of heavy machinery as a distributor of motor vehicles. Generally the same licensing and bonding required. Sales people who work for you must also obtain state licenses to sales. Sales office will have to comply with local zoning requirements. Often you have to sell in a light zoned area, industrial area rather than simply a business area.
  2. Follow the market trends in heavy equipment. When the economy is in an industry, companies sell a lot of equipment. The prices can be drastically affected by the season and trends of local construction. If your business is the purchase of used equipment and resale, price fluctuations and demand mean the difference between being profitable or losing all their savings to buy the inventory that is difficult to sell. The resale market for heavy equipment is more volatile than the market for used cars.
  3. Learn the ways in which different companies with heavy machinery for example, agricultural machinery and construction equipment have different market cycles. Meet local businesses that use equipment so you know what type of machines to offer for sale and rent.
  4. Hire a sales staff familiar with the equipment, which have been the heavy equipment operators in the past. They will know the most common problems with models and managers and can help the buyer to identify the intangible benefits of one brand over another. Buyers are heavy equipment operators who do not personally need to operate the machines but often buying advice.
  5. Raise capital or develop credit lines. Large fleets of vehicles are sometimes available in distressed companies at deep discounts. Your business will prosper if you have the financial ability to act quickly and have a reputation of having funds available to take advantage of bargain sales and liquidations in the fleet

How to handle a Bobcat skid steer loader

Since the introduction of the first Bobcat skid steer in 1960, thousands have discovered the wonder of the machine. These trucks can be fitted quickly with tools to handle almost any soil movement or lifting, some work that an owner of home or small contractor required. The tools can be changed in seconds allowing the operator to dig, transport, sweep, move platforms, brush or break stone and concrete. Bobcat skid steer are very easy to operate.

Instructions

  1. Grab the handles that control the front and rear movement of the machine. The movement is controlled by moving a lever, and short turns both levers at the same time but in opposite directions. For example, to turn left you have three options: pull the left lever back, push the right lever forward or pull the left and right push at the same time. When a lever is pulled and the other pushed, the skid steer loader can rotate on the spot without moving.
  2. Place your feet on the pedals. The left pedal functions control the lifting and lowering of the machine while the right pedal controls the tilt bucket.
  3. Lower the bar by pulling your legs. Hydraulic machine will not work unless the bar is low.
  4. Press the drive insurance button.
  5. To increases the speed push forward the engine throttle, which is the orange lever to your right. Bobcat should be operated at maximum speed almost always, but be careful, as this makes very fast movements.
  6. Right handles to lift the load. Push the load forward until wheels rotate, then press the left pedal with your heel while trying to drive forward. This will fill the bucket. Push the right pedal with your heel to tip the bucket back to handle.
  7. The machine is operated with low load. Just lift it to a height that allows the bucket free the ground. As you approach the area where you leave the load, lift it enough to empty. Step on the right foot with the front of your foot to tilt the bucket and remove the load. Moving your heel back and forth, with the right pedal, the bucket will shake and liberate the whole load. Lower the bucket again by pressing the pedal with the left front foot.

Tips & Warnings

Carrying a heavy load in the raised position can make the machine too heavy and not easy to turn. Always consider low loads.

How to calculate the maximum capacity of a crane

A crane alone can lift a load as high as his main wheel permits. This maximum wheel load depends on several factors. The rated capacity of course is important, but the impact reduction factor determines its importance. The other factors are the overall weight of the crane and the weight of the trolley and mounting hoist, In addition to the load of the crane, using the maximum load of the wheel to select other crane components, such as beam size.

Instructions

  1. Divide the weight of the crane, measured in pounds, in 2. If the weight of the crane is 6,000 pounds (2700 kg): 6000/2 = 3000.
  2. Add the weight of the crane and truck, also measured in pounds. If they are weighing 2500 pounds (1100 kg) combined: 3000 + 2500 = 5500.
  3. Multiply the weight of the nominal load capacity by reducing the impact factor. If the first is 10,000 pounds (4500 kg) and the second is 1.2: 1.2 x 10,000 = 12,000.
  4. Add the answers from steps 2 and 3: 5,500 + 12,000 = 17,500.
  5. Divide the result by 2: 17.500 / 2 = 8750 pounds (4000 kg). This response is the maximum load of the crane.