Instructions for operating a Bobcat skid-steer loader

It’s required some practice to learn how to handle a compact Bobcat, but once you acquired the skill becomes a very powerful tool. The Bobcats are available with wheels or chains for use in irregular terrain or mud and there is a series of different spoons and accessories. Bobcat compact loader is used for all kinds of surveys, excavation and haulage work; the drive a Bobcat is a very useful skill to have.

Instructions :

  1. Use the handrails and steps up to the driver’s seat. Lower the safety bar and buckle your seatbelt. Hydraulic controls will only work if the safety bar is in place.
  2. Set all controls to neutral or park before starting the Bobcat. You do not want the Bobcat start moving as soon as you turn it on.
  3. Put the key in the ignition, turn it to the left and hold it for 20 seconds. Hold the key to the left to heat the plugs and make the compact loader easier to start. After 20 seconds, turn the key clockwise to start the engine, and then release the brake.
  4. Raise the spoon a few centimeters above the ground using the left pedal that controls the arm. Turn the left foot back to raise the bucket and rotate forward to lower the bucket. Often, Bobcat operators park with bucket down to the ground, lifting the front wheels off the ground, so raise it a few centimeters before starting to move.
  5. Use the right foot pedal to control the angle of the bucket. Turn back of the cabin and right foot to roll back the spoon and turn the right foot forward to dump the bucket. Be careful to maintain the level of the spoon when you’re driving or carrying a load. If you point the bucket too far may value the load on your head.
  6. Push the throttle lever forward to move forward. The throttle lever is located on the right of the seat. Among further pressure is placed on lever, the faster you move.
  7. Bobcat runs using both hand levers on each side of the seat. Each lever controls the wheel assembly on the side of the loader. Push the right lever forward to turn right and pull it to turn back the wheels and turn left. Similarly, push the lever to the left to turn left and pull back to turn right.
  8. Adjusts controls to neutral before shutting down the Bobcat. Park it down with the spoon so that it pushes against the ground, lifting the front wheels.

Tips & Warnings :

  • Avoid steep slopes and always go straight up or down a slope, never across. Move down a slope with the heavy end of the Bobcat uphill. The Bobcat becomes very steep, so be gentle with the controls. Instead of turning around like a car, turn it in place, on its own axis.
  • Driving with spoon raised will make Bobcat unstable and possibly tipping. Always drive the bucket close to the ground as much as possible.

Information for John Deere 310A backhoe

Deere & Company, whose offices are in Moline, Illinois, produces equipment for industrial gardening and consumers of their brand. A backhoe has a shovel connected to an arm, which is located in the rear part of a tractor. John Deere 310A backhoe was produced between 1975 and 1982. You can rent or buy one of these in stores of backhoes, home improvement and landscaping.


The John Deere 310A has a 300 series diesel four-cylinder engine. The engine has a displacement of 219 cubic inches (3588.767 cm³), which refers to how much you can push the fluid through the piston in a cylinder movement. The cylinder diameter is 4.02 inches (10,21cm) and Motor travel 4.33 inches (10.99 cm), which is the total length that the pistons can move within the cylinder. The engine uses coolant, and its liquid tank can hold up to 16 quarts (15.14 L). The rotations per minute (rpm) are 2500 and produce 150 foot-pounds (20.73 kg / m).


Backhoe dimensions are 23 feet 7 inches (7.18 m) long and 11 feet 3 inches (3.43 m) high, 6 feet 10 inches (2.08 m) wide, and weigh 12,519 pounds (5.7 tons). The fuel tank holds 19.5 gallons (73.8 L) and transmission and hydraulics, tanks can hold 20.5 gallons (77.6 L).


This machine has 8 forward transmission levers and 8 backwards. The lubrication pressure is between 8 and 10 pounds per square inch (psi) (.56-.70 kg / cm2), and the clutch operates pressure between 155 and 165 psi (10.9 to 11, 6 kg / cm2). The system pressure reverses when the backhoe is operating at idle speed; is between 155 and 165 psi, and the pressure release filter is 50 psi (3.5 kg / cm2). Transmission pump can move up to 10.5 gallons per minute (gpm) (39.7 L) when operating at 2200 rpm and 150 psi. The transmission cargo tank can hold up to 8.5 gallons (32 L), and the cooling system can contain up to 4 gallons (15 L). The casing contains up to 9 quarts (8.5 liters) of fluid.


In a backhoe John Deere 310A is a pump of 3 cubic inches (49 cm³) and the hydraulic pump moves to 23 gpm (87 liters per minute) when the machine operates at 2,000 psi (140.8 kg / cm2) and 2,200 rpm. The relief pressure of the hydraulic system is 150 psi (10.5 kg / cm2); avoid overloading it. Resting pressure is between 2,300 and 2,400 psi (162 and 169 kg / cm2), and valve pressure filter at 50 psi (3.5 kg /cm2).